Nouns and their classification

Noun is the part-of-speech for words which require declination in number and case. Additionally nouns may have optional possessive suffixes and clitics combined freely at the end. While some of the nouns may exhibit limited comparative derivations, generally words that can undergo comparation must be classified into adjectives. The proper nouns that are written in initial capital letters except when derived are handled separately under proper nouns, but the classification is the same.

The nominals are classified by combination of the stem variations, suffix allomorphs and the vowel harmony. The nouns have number, case, possessive and clitic suffixes:

Noun examples:

  • talo: talo+N+Sg+Nom (Eng. # house)
  • taloa: talo+N+Sg+Par
  • taloissa: talo+N+Pl+Ine
  • talostani: talo+N+Sg+Ela+PxSg1
  • talollako: talo+N+Sg+Ade+Qst
  • taloiltammepa: talo+N+Pl+Abl+PxPl1+Foc/pa The classification is based on suffix allomorphs, harmony, and the stem variation:
  • taloja: talo+N+Pl+Par
  • sälöjä: sälö+N+Pl+Par (Eng. # splinter)
  • valtioita: valtio+N+Pl+Par (Eng. # state)
  • lepakot: lepakko+N+Pl+Nom (Eng. # bat)
  • padoissa: pato+N+Pl+Ine (Eng. # dam) The minimal set to determine which paradigm or class noun belongs to is to check how it inflects in singulars of nominative, essive and inessive, plurals of essive, elative, partitive, illative, and GENITIVE. Find out stems and suffixes and match.