Selkup morphological analyser


Definitions for Multichar_Symbols


  • ы̄ ө̄ Ы̄ і̄ Ө̄ І̄

Analysis symbols

The morphological analyses of wordforms for the Selkup language are presented in this system in terms of the following symbols. (It is highly suggested to follow existing standards when adding new tags).

The parts-of-speech are:

  • +N +A +Adv +V
  • +Pron +CS +CC +Adp +Po +Pr +Interj +Pcle +Num

The parts of speech are further split up into:

  • +Prop +Pers +Dem +Interr +Refl +Recipr +Rel +Indef

The Usage extents are marked using following tags:

  • +Err/Orth
  • +Use/-Spell

The nominals are inflected in the following Case and Number

  • +Sg +Du +Pl
  • +Ess +Nom +Gen +Acc +Ill +Loc +Com +Com/Sh

The possession is marked as such:

  • +PxSg1 +PxSg2 +PxSg3 +PxDu1 +PxDu2 +PxDu3 +PxPl1 +PxPl2 +PxPl3

The comparative forms are:

  • +Comp +Superl Numerals are classified under:
  • +Attr +Card
  • +Ord

Verb moods are:

  • +Ind +Prs +Prt +Pot +Cond +Imprt

Verb personal forms are:

  • +Sg1 +Sg2 +Sg3 +Du1 +Du2 +Du3 +Pl1 +Pl2 +Pl3

Other verb forms are

  • +Inf +Ger +ConNeg +ConNegII +Neg +ImprtII +PrsPrc +PrfPrc +Sup +VGen +VAbess
  • +ABBR +ACR

Special symbols are classified with:


The verbs are syntactically split according to transitivity:

  • +TV +IV

Special multiword units are analysed with:

  • +Multi

Non-dictionary words can be recognised with:

  • +Guess

Question and Focus particles:

  • +Qst +Foc

Semantics are classified with

  • +Mal +Fem +Sur
  • +Plc
  • +Org
  • +Obj
  • +Ani
  • +Hum
  • +Plant
  • +Group
  • +Time
  • +Txt
  • +Route
  • +Measr
  • +Wthr
  • +Build
  • +Edu
  • +Veh
  • +Clth

Derivations are classified under the morphophonetic form of the suffix, the source and target part-of-speech.

  • +V→N +V→V +V→A
  • +Der/xxx


To represent phonologic variations in word forms we use the following symbols in the lexicon files:

  • {aä} {oö} {uü}

And following triggers to control variation

  • {front} {back}

Flag diacritics

We have manually optimised the structure of our lexicon using following flag diacritics to restrict morhpological combinatorics - only allow compounds with verbs if the verb is further derived into a noun again:

@P.NeedNoun.ON@ (Dis)allow compounds with verbs unless nominalised
@D.NeedNoun.ON@ (Dis)allow compounds with verbs unless nominalised
@C.NeedNoun@ (Dis)allow compounds with verbs unless nominalised

For languages that allow compounding, the following flag diacritics are needed to control position-based compounding restrictions for nominals. Their use is handled automatically if combined with +CmpN/xxx tags. If not used, they will do no harm.

@P.CmpFrst.FALSE@ Require that words tagged as such only appear first
@D.CmpPref.TRUE@ Block such words from entering ENDLEX
@P.CmpPref.FALSE@ Block these words from making further compounds
@D.CmpLast.TRUE@ Block such words from entering R
@D.CmpNone.TRUE@ Combines with the next tag to prohibit compounding
@U.CmpNone.FALSE@ Combines with the prev tag to prohibit compounding
@P.CmpOnly.TRUE@ Sets a flag to indicate that the word has passed R
@D.CmpOnly.FALSE@ Disallow words coming directly from root.

Use the following flag diacritics to control downcasing of derived proper nouns (e.g. Finnish Pariisi -> pariisilainen). See e.g. North Sámi for how to use these flags. There exists a ready-made regex that will do the actual down-casing given the proper use of these flags.

@U.Cap.Obl@ Allowing downcasing of derived names: deatnulasj.
@U.Cap.Opt@ Allowing downcasing of derived names: deatnulasj.
  • LEXICON Root The word forms in UNDEFINED language start from the lexeme roots of basic word classes, or optionally from prefixes: