verbs-affixes

Sublexica for Verb

Table of content:

  • The auxiliaries
    • Negation verb
    • Copula
    • Modals
  • Main verbs
    • Even syllable stems
      • Intransitives
      • Transitives
    • Odd syllable stems
      • Intranstives
      • Transitives
    • Contracted stems
      • Intransitives
      • Transitives
    • Assimilated loan verbs
      • Intransitives
      • Transitives
    • Main inflectional categories
      • suffix lexicas
    • Verb derivation

IV means intransitive verbs, TV means transitive verbs.

Auxiliary verbs

Negation verb

LEXICON NEG

Copula

LEXICON ÅRROT

LEXICON LIEHKET

LEXICON LULU

Modals

LEXICON GALGGAT_IV even-syllable modal verbs.

soajttet # Eveb-syllable test examples:

  • soajtáv: soajttet+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • soajttiv: soajttet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • såjtijma: soajttet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON VIERTTIT_IV Contracted modal verbs.

hæhttut # Eveb-syllable test examples:

  • hæhttut: hæhttut+V+IV+Inf
  • hähttut: hæhttut+V+IV+Inf
  • hæhttuv: hæhttut+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • hähttuv: hæhttut+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • hæhttujma: hæhttut+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • hähttujma: hæhttut+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

Ordinary main verbs

Even-syllable stems

Intransitives

LEXICON GALSSJOT_IV Impersonal o-verbs

hærmmot # Eveb-syllable test examples:

  • hærmmu: hærmmot+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg3
  • härmmu: hærmmot+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg3
  • hærmoj: hærmmot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg3
  • härmoj: hærmmot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg3

LEXICON BÅRSSJOT_IV o-verbs with

hæssot # Eveb-syllable test examples:

  • hæsov: hæssot+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • häsov: hæssot+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • hessuv: hæssot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • hæsojma: hæssot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • häsojma: hæssot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON VILSSJOT_IV o-verbs as BÅRSSJOT but without derivations -stit, -stallat, -stahtte, - stasste. With dim -astit that are hardcoded

libjjot # Eveb-syllable test examples:

  • libjov: libjjot+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • libjjuv: libjjot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • libjojma: libjjot+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BUOLLET_IV e-verbs

liddet # Even-syllable test examples:

  • littáv: liddet+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • liddiv: liddet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • littijma: liddet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BOAHTET_IV e-verbs like BUOLLET_IV without passive

boahtet # Even-syllable test examples:

  • boadáv: boahtet+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • båhtiv: boahtet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • bådijma: boahtet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON VIEDJET_IV e-verbs GRADE II-I WITH IE DIPHT.

biehket # Eveb-syllable test examples:

  • bægáv: biehket+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • bägáv: biehket+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • biehkiv: biehket+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • biegijma: biehket+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON ASSTAT_IV only for asstat, no passive

asstat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • astav: asstat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • asstiv: asstat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • astajma: asstat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON RAVGGAT_IV a- and å-verbs only Sg3 passive.

bajássjaddat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • bajássjattav: bajássjaddat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • bajássjaddiv: bajássjaddat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • bajássjattajma: bajássjaddat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BIEGGAT_IV Impersonals

dednjat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • dædnjá: dednjat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg3
  • dädnjá: dednjat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg3
  • denjaj: dednjat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg3

LEXICON RAVGGALASSTET_IV Like RAVGGAT for already derived words (except words ending -uššat) - no actio as first part of compounds, but reintroduced

dehpudallat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • dehpudaláv: dehpudallat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • dehpudalliv: dehpudallat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • dehpudalájma: dehpudallat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BIEKKASTALLAT_IV Already derived impersonals

dehpudallat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • duhpárasstá: duhpárasstet+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg3
  • duhpárastij: duhpárasstet+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg3

LEXICON GUOTTEDALLAT_IV passives on -allat - no actio as first part of compounds, but reintroduced

duolmudallat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • duolmudaláv: duolmudallat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • duolmudalliv: duolmudallat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • duolmudalájma: duolmudallat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON HIEBADUVVAT_IV passives on -uvvat - no actio as first part of compounds, but reintroduced

duostoduvvat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • duostoduváv: duostoduvvat+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • duostoduvviv: duostoduvvat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • duostoduvájma: duostoduvvat+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

Transitives LEXICON MÁHTTET_TV verbs without personal passive

jáhkket # Even-syllable test examples:

  • jáhkáv: jáhkket+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • jáhkkiv: jáhkket+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • jáhkijma: jáhkket+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BASSAT_TV a- and å-verbs. Three passives

jåksåt # Even-syllable test examples:

  • jåvsåv: jåksåt+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • jåksiv: jåksåt+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • jåvsåjma: jåksåt+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BASSALASSTET_TV Like BASSAT for already derived words (except words ending -uššat) - no actio as first part of compounds, but reintroduced. Three passives

jårgudallat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • jårgudaláv: jårgudallat+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • jårgudalliv: jårgudallat+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • jårgudalájma: jårgudallat+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON JUHKAT_TV a-verbs like BASSAT_TV but but without derivations -stit, -stallat, -stahtte, - stasste. Dim -istit that are hardcoded. Three passives

njammat # Even-syllable test examples:

  • njamáv: njammat+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • njammiv: njammat+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • njamájma: njammat+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON LÁHPPET_TV e-verbs. Three passives

oajttet # Even-syllable test examples:

  • oajtáv: oajttet+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • oajttiv: oajttet+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • åjtijma: oajttet+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON JIEHKET_TV e-verbs GRADE II-I WITH IE DIPHT. Three passives

sievvet # Even-syllable test examples:

  • sæváv: sievvet+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • säváv: sievvet+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • sievviv: sievvet+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • sievijma: sievvet+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON DIEHTET_TV Only this one word, unusual diphtong behavior. No passive

diehtet # Even-syllable test examples:

  • diedáv: diehtet+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • diehtiv: diehtet+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • diedijma: diehtet+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON GÁDJOT_TV o-verbs. only duvvat passive.

sjpædtjot # Even-syllable test examples:

  • sjpættjov: sjpædtjot+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • sjpättjov: sjpædtjot+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • sjpædtjuv: sjpædtjot+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • sjpädtjuv: sjpædtjot+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • sjpættjojma: sjpædtjot+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • sjpättjojma: sjpædtjot+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON JÅRGGOT_TV o-verbs with dim -astit that are hardcoded. Duvvat and dallat passive.

boarkkot # Even-syllable test examples:

  • boarkov: boarkkot+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • boarkkuv: boarkkot+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • boarkojma: boarkkot+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

Odd-syllable stems

This is just awaiting a manual classification

LEXICON BIEKKASTIT_IV Impersonals, only Sg3

LEXICON JÅRGESTIT_IV At the moment IV, we may perhaps change IV/TV.

doalvestit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • doalvestav: doalvestit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • doalvestiv: doalvestit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • doalvestijma: doalvestit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BEGATJIT_IV Words ending -tjit, -jdit, reciprocals on -dit, momentatives on -dit, -edit, continuatives on -ldit, -nit, essives on -hit and 5-syllables - no actio cmps, but only Sg3 passivereintroduced

duojkkuhit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • duojkkuhav: duojkkuhit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • duojkkuhiv: duojkkuhit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • duojkkuhijma: duojkkuhit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BALÁDIT_IV continuatives on -dit, frequentatives on -odit, reciprocals, momentatives and frequentatives ending -alit - actio cpms, only Sg3 passive

lihtudit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • lihtudav: lihtudit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • lihtudiv: lihtudit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • lihtudijma: lihtudit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON SUOGNALIT_IV Trisyllabic Verbs ending -lit. only Sg3 passive

loavkkalit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • loavkkalav: loavkkalit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • loavkkaliv: loavkkalit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • loavkkalijma: loavkkalit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON LASSÁNIT_IV verbs ending -nit, -sit, no passive

rievddánit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • rievddánav: rievddánit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • rievddániv: rievddánit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • rievddánijma: rievddánit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BÁHTARIT_IV verbs ending -rit. only Sg3 passive

sjtávttjurit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • sjtávttjurav: sjtávttjurit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • sjtávttjuriv: sjtávttjurit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • sjtávttjurijma: sjtávttjurit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON UNNEDIT_TV All -uvvat passives.

nuoledit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • nuoledav: nuoledit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • nuolediv: nuoledit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • nuoledijma: nuoledit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON MUJTATJIT_TV Words ending -tjit, -jdit, reciprocals on -dit, momentatives on -dit, -edit, continuatives on -ldit, -nit, essives on -hit and 5-syllables - no actio cmps, but reintroduced. All -uvvat passives

nårddådit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • nårddådav: nårddådit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • nårddådiv: nårddådit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • nårddådijma: nårddådit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BÅNJÅDIT_TV continuatives on -dit, frequentatives on -odit, reciprocals, momentatives and frequentatives ending -alit - actio cpms. All -uvvat passives.

tsirggalit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • tsirggalav: tsirggalit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • tsirggaliv: tsirggalit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • tsirggalijma: tsirggalit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON VUORDDELIT_TV Trisyllabic Verbs ending -lit. All -uvvat passives

tsåggålit # Odd-syllable test examples:

  • tsåggålav: tsåggålit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • tsåggåliv: tsåggålit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • tsåggålijma: tsåggålit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

Contracted stems

LEXICON SJIERRIT_IV Impersonals

boavddit # Contracted test examples:

  • boavddi: boavddit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg3
  • boavddij: boavddit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg3

LEXICON BASSUT_IV Passives

buvvut # Contracted test examples:

  • buvvuv: buvvut+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • buvvujiv: buvvut+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • buvvujma: buvvut+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON OADDÁT_IV Incoative, (doarrut,jåhttåt). Only Sg3 passive. Does not make nouns via -ár derivation.

bæhkkát # Contracted test examples:

  • bæhkkáv: bæhkkát+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • bähkkáv: bæhkkát+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • bæhkkájiv: bæhkkát+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • bähkkájiv: bæhkkát+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • bæhkkájma: bæhkkát+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • bähkkájma: bæhkkát+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON TJUOLLÁT_TV Incoativ. All passive. Does not make nouns via -ár derivation, (gullát, bårråt)

gajkkát # Contracted test examples:

  • gajkkáv: gajkkát+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • gajkkájiv: gajkkát+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • gajkkájma: gajkkát+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON DULLUT_IV Does not make nouns via -ár derivation. Only Sg3 passiv.

dussut # Contracted test examples:

  • dussuv: dussut+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • dussujiv: dussut+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • dussujma: dussut+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON STRÁFFUT_TV Does not make nouns via -ár derivation. All duvvat passives.

gáhpput # Contracted test examples:

  • gáhppuv: gáhpput+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • gáhppujiv: gáhpput+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • gáhppujma: gáhpput+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON TSIEGGIT_TV Makes nouns via -ár derivation. All duvvat passives. asdf

gámmpit # Contracted test examples:

  • gámmpiv: gámmpit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • gámmpijiv: gámmpit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • gámmpijma: gámmpit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • gámmpár: gámmpit+V+TV+Der/r+N+Sg+Nom

LEXICON VALLIT_TV Makes nouns via -ár derivation. Gets only passive Sg3

hinnit # Contracted test examples:

  • hinniv: hinnit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • hinnijiv: hinnit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • hinnijma: hinnit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • hinnár: hinnit+V+TV+Der/r+N+Sg+Nom

Assimilated loan verbs

LEXICON BRILJERE_IV Intransitive loan words with more than two syllables with -rit endings. Does not make nouns via -ár derivation. Only the two last syllables are assimilated to sami. Long -e is assimilated in different ways in dialects in Norway and Sweden: In Norway it often becomes -ie, while in Sweden itºs usually -e.

LEXICON BRILJERE_IV_INFL

briljierit # Contracted test examples:

  • briljieriv: briljierit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • briljeriv: briljierit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • briljierijiv: briljierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • briljerijiv: briljierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • briljierijma: briljierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • briljerijma: briljierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BRILJERE_IV_NOR Separate lexicon for loan words with ortographic differences between the Norwegian and Swedish forms. Otherwise same as BRILJERE_TV. +Area/SE forms are +Use/NG tagged. Lemma form is -ierit.

LEXICON BRILJERE_IV_INFL_NOR

eksplodierit # Contracted test examples:

  • eksplodieriv: eksplodierit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • eksploderiv: eksplodierit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • eksplodierijiv: eksplodierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • eksploderijiv: eksplodierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • eksplodierijma: eksplodierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • eksploderijma: eksplodierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON BRILJERE_IV_SW Separate lexicon for loan words with ortographic differences between the Norwegian and Swedish forms. Otherwise same as BRILJERE_TV. +Area/NO forms are +Use/NG tagged. Lemma form is -erit

LEXICON BRILJERE_IV_INFL_SW

exploderit # Contracted test examples:

  • explodieriv: exploderit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • exploderiv: exploderit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • explodierijiv: exploderit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • exploderijiv: exploderit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • explodierijma: exploderit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • exploderijma: exploderit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON ABBONERE_TV Transitive loan words with more than two syllables with -rit endings. Duvvat passives. Does not make nouns via -ár derivation. Only the two last syllables are assimilated to sami. LONG -e is assimilated in different ways in Norway and Sweden: In Norway, it becomes -ie, and in Sweden -e.

LEXICON ABBONERE_TV_INFL

abbonierit # Contracted test examples:

  • abbonieriv: abbonierit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • abboneriv: abbonierit+V+TV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • abbonierijiv: abbonierit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • abbonerijiv: abbonierit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • abbonierijma: abbonierit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • abbonerijma: abbonierit+V+TV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON ABBONERE_TV_NOR Separate lexicon for loan words with ortographic differences between the Norwegian and Swedish forms. Otherwise same as ABBONERE_TV. +Area/SE forms are +Use/NG tagged. Lemma form is -ierit

LEXICON ABBONERE_TV_INFL_NOR

akseptierit # Contracted test examples:

  • akseptieriv: akseptierit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • aksepteriv: akseptierit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • akseptierijiv: akseptierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • aksepterijiv: akseptierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • akseptierijma: akseptierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • aksepterijma: akseptierit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1

LEXICON ABBONERE_TV_SW Separate lexicon for loan words with ortographic differences between the Norwegian and Swedish forms. Otherwise same as ABBONERE_TV. +Area/NO forms are +Use/NG tagged. Lemma form is -erit

LEXICON ABBONERE_TV_INFL_SW

accepterit # Contracted test examples:

  • acceptieriv: accepterit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • accepteriv: accepterit+V+IV+Ind+Prs+Sg1
  • acceptierijiv: accepterit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • accepterijiv: accepterit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Sg1
  • acceptierijma: accepterit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1
  • accepterijma: accepterit+V+IV+Ind+Prt+Pl1